asked questions about nitrous oxide.
Will nitrous oxide affect engine reliability?
A: The key to engine reliability when using nitrous oxide is to choose
the proper horsepower increase for a given application. Kits using the
correct factory calibrations do not usually increase wear. Increased cylinder
pressures also increase loads on the supporting components. If load increases
exceed the load capacity of the supporting components the result is increased
wear. Nitrous oxide kits are designed for use on demand only at wide-open
throttle. Making nitrous oxide extremely advantageous in that it is used
only when needed, not at all times. Nitrous oxide kits are designed for
maximum power with reliability for a given application.
Can I bolt a nitrous oxide induction system on my stock engine?
A: Yes NS manufactures systems for virtually any stock engine application.
You should choose the correct system for the given application; i.e.,
four cylinder engines normally allow horsepower increases from 40-60 horsepower,
six cylinder 75-100 increased horsepower, small block V8s to 400 cid up
to 140 horsepower, big block V8s up to 454 cid might accept from 125-200
increased horsepower. These suggested horsepower ranges provide maximum
reliability from most stock displacement engines using cast pistons and
a cast crankshaft with few or no engine modifications.
Will I have to re-jet the carburetor on my car when adding nitrous?
A: No! The NS system is independent of your carburetor and injects its
own mixture of fuel and nitrous.
What are some of the general rules for even greater horsepower gains?
A: Generally, forged aluminum pistons are a prerequisite for large horsepower
increases with nitrous oxide induction. As a rule of thumb, ignition timing
should be retarded 1 1/2 – 2 1/2 degrees retard per each 50 horsepower
gained. In many cases a higher flow fuel pump may be necessary, along
with 100 plus octane fuel, as well as spark plugs that are one to two
ranges colder than normal with gaps closed to .025” – 030”.
Horsepower gains over 250 horsepower may require additional modifications
such as a forged crankshaft, forged connecting rods, an additional high
out put fuel pump to supply additional fuel demands, and a
racing fuel with high specific gravity rating and an octane rating of
110 or more. For more specific information about your application, please
NS technical department at (714) 373-1986.
Will the use of nitrous oxide produce a negative effect on the catalytic
A: No. The increase in oxygen present in the exhaust may actually increase
the efficiency of the converter.
Because the continuous use of nitrous oxide is normally limited to 10-20
seconds there are usually no appreciable effects. Temperatures are typically
well within acceptable standards.
Is nitrous oxide flammable?
A: No. Nitrous oxide by itself is non-flammable. However, the oxygen present
in nitrous oxide causes combustion of fuel to take place more rapidly.
Can pump gas be used for street/strip nitrous oxide use?
A: Yes. Use a premium grade type leaded or unleaded fuel of 91 octane
or greater, octane is recommended for most applications. Many NS systems
are designed for use with service station pump gas. However when higher
compression or higher horsepower levels are used a racing fuel with an
octane rating of 100 or more must be used.
How much improvement in performance with nitrous oxide induction can
A: For many applications and improvement of from 1-3 seconds in elapse
time and as much as 10-15 miles per hour in 1/4 mile can be expected.
Factors such as engine size, tires, jetting, and gearing will have influence
on final results.
When is the best time to use nitrous oxide?
A: At wide open throttle only (unless a progressive controller is used).
Due to the tremendous increased amount of torque you will generally find
the best results with early activation (traction permitting). Nitrous
oxide can safely
be applied above 2,500RPM under full throttle conditions.
What kind of pressures are components subject to in a typical nitrous
A: Pressures often exceed 1,000 psi. This is why NS uses only high-pressure
tested aircraft quality components like stainless steel braided Teflon
lines throughout its systems.
What type of nitrous oxide induction system is best; a plate system
or a direct port injection system?
A: The advantages of a plate system are the ease of installation and removal,
ability to transfer easily to
another vehicle, ability to change jetting combinations quickly, and in
most cases provide all the extra horsepower you will ever need (75 to
350 more horsepower). In some cases such as inline engines with long runners
a direct port type system is advisable for maximizing distribution. Where
more than 350 horsepower is desired the NS direct port fogger type systems
will provide the ultimate in distribution and power (up to 500 + horsepower).
Direct port systems are also desirable when the system is hidden under
Should I modify my fuel system to use nitrous oxide?
A: Most stock fuel pumps will work adequately for smaller nitrous applications.
It is important to test your fuel pump. Making sure the pump will flow
enough fuel to supply your fuel system (carburetor or fuel injection),
as well as the pumps ability to supply the additional fuel required for
the use of the nitrous oxide system under full throttle. When in doubt
it is always better to error on the side of caution with a dedicated fuel
pump for the nitrous oxide system.
Which type of manifold is better for a plate fed nitrous oxide system,
single or dual plane manifold?
A: As long as the manifold does not interfere with the spray pattern of
the spray bars, either will work fine in most cases. Single plane manifolds
provide better distribution at high RPM ranges. If your goal is to increase
horsepower over 200 horsepower a single plane manifold is preferable.
How does nitrous work?
A: Nitrous is made up of 2 parts nitrogen and one part oxygen (36% oxygen
by weight). During the engines combustion process, at about 572 degrees
F, nitrous breaks down and releases oxygen. It is this extra oxygen that
allows more fuel to be burned, thus creating additional horsepower. Additionally
nitrous entering the manifold at -130 degrees F. Creates an intercooling
effect dropping the inlet charge by 60 to 75 degrees
(Every 10 degrees of decrease in inlet charge is a 1% horsepower gain).
Is it a good idea to use an aftermarket computer chip in conjunction
A: Only if the chip has been designed specifically for use with nitrous
oxide. Most aftermarket chips use more aggressive timing advance curves
to create more power. This can lead to potential detonation. You may wish
to check with the manufacturer of the chip before using it. The top manufacturers,
do make special chips for use with nitrous.
Q: Does nitrous oxide raise cylinder pressures and temperatures?
A: Yes. Due to the ability to burn more fuel, this is exactly why nitrous
makes so much power.
Q: Will I have to change my ignition system?
A: Most late model ignition systems are well suited for nitrous applications.
In some higher HP cases, it may be advisable to look into a high performance
ignition system with retard capability.
Are there any benefits to chilling the nitrous bottle?
A: No. Chilling the bottle lowers the pressure dramatically and will also
lower the flow rate of the nitrous causing a fuel rich condition and reducing
power. For optimum running conditions, keep bottle pressure at approximately
900-950 psi. NS has a nitrous pressure gauge that allows you to monitor
this. If you live in or operate a nitrous system in colder climates, it
may also be a good idea to purchase a bottle heater kit. Generally, ambient
temperatures of 70-90 degrees F. will allow for best power potential of
Will the percentage of performance increase be the same in a highly
modified engine compared to a stock engine when using the same NS kit
A: Not really. In most cases the percentage of increase is greater from
a stock engine because
it is not as efficient as the modified engine in a normal non-nitrous
mode. However, since the effects of nitrous oxide magnify the output of
any engine, the total power output will be much higher in the modified
Can high compression engines utilize nitrous oxide?
A: Absolutely. High or low compression ratios can work quite suitably
with nitrous oxide providing the proper balance of nitrous and fuel enrichment
is maintained. NS kits are used in applications from relatively low compression
stock type motors to Pro-Modified, which often exceed 15 to 1. Generally,
the higher the compression ratio, the more ignition retard, as well as
higher octane fuel, is required. For more specific information, talk to
one of our technicians.
Which is the best position to mount a nitrous bottle?
A: NS bottles come with siphon tubes and, in order to maintain proper
nitrous pickup, it is important to
mount the bottle correctly. We recommend mounting the bottle at a 15-degree
angle, with the valve end higher than the bottom of the bottle. The valve
end of the bottle should point to the front of the vehicle and the valve
knob and label should face straight up.
What are the advantages of using nitrous compared to other performance
A: The cost of many other performance options can put you in the poorhouse.
Dollar for dollar, you can’t buy more performance with less money
than nitrous. With a nitrous system, performance and reliability can be
had for a much more reasonable price while still retaining the advantages
of a stock engine during normal driving. And, nitrous offers tremendous
gains in torque without having to rev the engine to excessive rpm’s.
These factors help your engine last longer than many other methods of
What is the function of the blow-off safety valve on the bottle?
A: It is very important not to overfill a bottle; i.e., a 10lb capacity
bottle should not be filled with more than 10lbs. of nitrous oxide by
weight. Over-filling and/or too much heat can cause excessive bottle pressures
forcing the safety seal to blow and releasing all the contents out of
Q: Is there an ideal compression ratio?
A: There is a relationship between the compression ratio, nitrous flow,
and cubic inches. At competitive levels of one nitrous horsepower per
cubic inch and greater, compression ratio should be at least a couple
of points of compression lower than a naturally aspirated combination.
Do I need a modified torque converter?
A: Torque converters play an important role in a successful nitrous recipe.
They control the rpm range and where the load will be applied to the engine.
It is important not to apply load to the engine at too low of rpm. Torque
output from the engine varies greatly from naturally aspirated to the
introduction of nitrous. Don’t start from too low of rpm, as natural
power range of the
engine must be achieved.
What is the ideal spark plug?
A: There are two aspects when it comes to spark plugs. The first must
be that the plug has the correct heat range. This will allow the plug
to survive the temperatures encountered in the combustion chamber. The
second is the construction of the plug. The ground strap needs to be substantial
in mass to transfer the heat and avoid heat sinking.
Is plenum volume important in high horsepower nitrous applications?
A: It may be beneficial in some applications to review plenum volume.
Plenums are scaled for naturally aspirated applications. When large amounts
of nitrous are introduced, volume is displaced and the atmosphere within
the plenum is dramatically affected.
Call Nitrous Supply for FREE technical support. (714) 373-1986
5482 Business Dr. #D
Huntington Beach, CA 92649
Phone (714) 373-1986 • Fax (714)373-5365